A report released this week by the U.S. Government has listing 23 metals and minerals that are critical to “the national economy and national security of the United States.”
The report, ‘Critical Mineral Resources of the United States — Economic and Environmental Geology and Prospects for Future Supply’, was issued by the US Geological Survey (USGS). At more than 800 pages, it is the first comprehensive U.S. Government report surveying the resource potential of the U.S. since 1973.
Commenting on the findings, Larry W. Reaugh, president and chief executive officer of American Manganese Inc.– a company developing new technology for closed loop recycling of lithium-ion batteries – said: “We’re interested to see that three and potentially four of the metals and minerals on the new U.S. list are those we’re focused on with our AMY recycling process
“This new report clearly ties the lack of access to these key battery materials to negative consequences to the U.S. national economy and national security,” he c0ontinued. “Our work at AMY can help reverse this trend – another signal that markets are looking for new and reliable sources of critical materials supply.”
AMY’s patented recycling process recovers three of the materials listed – cobalt, lithium and manganese -- with potential to recover a fourth, graphite.
Immediately after the release of the USGS report, President Trump signed a new Executive Order entitled ‘A Federal Strategy to Ensure Secure and Reliable Supplies of Critical Minerals.’
The order directs the U.S. Secretary of the Interior in cooperation with the Secretary of Defense to prepare a list of critical minerals within 60 days, followed by a report recommending a U.S. Government strategy for reducing foreign dependence on those metals and minerals identified as critical.
According to American Manganese, the U.S. is currently import-dependent for more than 50% of its annual lithium needs, 74% of its cobalt – the bulk of which originates in conflict zones in the DRC Congo – and 100% of its manganese and graphite.
The company also noted that the report comes on the heels of its announcement on the design and budget for its pilot recycling plant and new IP development. AMI applied for a full US Patent for recycling spent electric vehicle lithium ion battery cathode metals in November this year.
Axion to Report on Lithium Ion Battery End-of-Life Research
Manchester, UK based resource and recycling Axion, is taking part in a research project looking into battery packs for the next generation of electric vehicles, including end-of-life solutions.
The Lithium Battery Recycling Challenge
Increasing oil prices, demand for urban vehicles, megacities and focus on sustainable transportation have kickstarted a substantial trend towards automotive electrification such as hybrids and electric vehicles (EVs). Estimates suggest that by 2020, EVs are likely to account for more than 7% of the global transportation market.
HANDS ON: Electric Green Machine - in More Ways Than One
Malcolm Bates travels to Germany to see an an electric Sennebogen ‘Green Line’ materials handler with an on-board Hatz powerpack.